In general, award plaques can be given with several kinds, namely:
- Respect custom plaques. This award refers to two forms of coronation, where learners are announced to all their friends openly as learners who achieve something good. Can be done in front of classroom friends or in front of all students in school. Respect also refers to empowering things to do. For example, learners are given the opportunity to show how to solve a subject or other task.
- Rewards. The rewards in this way can have a negative impact on the motivation of learners. Learners learn not to know but to get a reward. When not getting a gift, learners become lazy to learn. Therefore, rewards must be given in a timely and appropriate manner as necessary. For example, during religious holidays, etc.
- Award wooden plaques. This is a symbolic reward. Usually in the form of letters of appreciation, trophies, plaques and awards, award plaques, custom plaques etc.
Nature of Reward
We know, in the process of learning, appreciation has significance. Awarding must be educational, motivating, and reinforcing behaviors and able to encourage learners to take initiative and enthusiasm for learning. Thus, awarding must meet these three traits in order to achieve their goals.
The purpose of giving awards to learners, as follows:
- Increase attention
- Facilitate learners in the process of pursuit
- Generating and nurturing motivation
- Control and change the counter-productive learning behavior toward productive learning behavior
- Organize and develop learners in learning
- Directing high-level thinking, and
- Strengthen positive behavior
Terms of Reward
Although rewards are good for learners, there are a number of conditions to keep in mind:
- The educator must ensure that he knows all learners well so that educators can provide appropriate rewards. Because the wrong or incorrect award will bring unexpected consequences.
- Appreciation should be given for objective reasons, not sub-ethics. That is, awards are given to learners who really do something right in the true sense rather than subjective judgments of educators or not because of like or dislike factors.
- The rewards must be frugal in the sense not too often. Because it can eliminate the meaning of appreciation as an educational tool to increase motivation and give reinforcement.
- Do not promise awards to learners. The promised award will make it difficult for less-interested learners.
- Educators need to be careful that the award given does not create the impression as a wage for tired learners.
- Appreciation should not be done excessively because it can cause the bad attitude of the heart to the learners. Learners will feel arrogant.
Principles of Reward
Awards to learners are given based on the following principles:
- Warmth and enthusiasm. At the time of giving awards, learners must know or can feel the warmth and enthusiasm of educators effectively, both voice, mimic and body language.
- Meaningful. Rewards are given fairly in the sense that rewards are given because learners achieve something with their own effort. No doubt, there are learners who may achieve something because of the help of others. The awards given to learners with such a model are meaningless. Conversely very meaningful when the award is given because of the hard work of the learners themselves.
- Honest. Educators must instill honesty to learners in order to fight for an award with their own work, not the work of others. This action is one way to teach the learners not to justify the practice of plagiarism.
- Avoid negative response. Speechless remarks, ridicule, rude, satire, insults, etc. should be avoided because it can undermine the spirit of learners in developing themselves. Criticism also needs to be avoided.
- Varied. Awarding should not be fixed in just one kind.
- Direct. Conducted when the learners do something right. Not delayed.