Psychology is an academic field that studies the behavior of human beings. It is concerned with the internal and external factors that affect the behavior of individuals. Some psychologists focus on health, while others work on social, educational, or forensic sciences. These scientists use the scientific method to study the mind and apply the findings to help solve problems in the real world.
The term “psychology” comes from the Greek psyche, which means breath, soul, or spirit. Psychology has been around for thousands of years, and has roots in ancient Greece, ancient India, and ancient Persia. Modern psychology was founded by the German psychologist Wilhelm Wundt in 1879, and he built the first experimental psychology laboratory in Leipzig.
As the field grew, new concepts were introduced and new schools of thought developed to explain the nature of human behaviors. One of the most influential was cognitive psychology, which focused on the study of memory and decision making. Psychologists also use statistical techniques to glean knowledge from population data.
In addition to using the scientific method to conduct research, psychologists try to change the way people think and behave. They do this https://brescia.uwo.ca/undergraduate/psychology.php by constructing studies and testing hypotheses. Research is used to improve treatment methods, as well as to better understand the minds of children and adults.
Many schools and organizations hire psychologists to conduct assessments and to provide counseling. Some psychologists conduct clinical research to understand mental disorders and abnormal behavior. Others perform psychological therapy and psychotherapy. A psychologist might also work in an organizational or industrial setting.
There are many different branches of psychology, spanning the entire lifespan of an individual. For example, developmental psychology looks at infants and teenagers, studying their cognitive and emotional development. Personality psychology focuses on the personality traits of an individual. Social psychology focuses on the pro-social and anti-social behaviors of a person. And forensic psychology examines the conflicts between psychology ethics and law.
Many psychologists conduct field experiments in the field. They often employ animals as models. However, these experiments are not always reliable. An example of this is the fundamental attribution error, or the tendency to overestimate the cause of an event.
Other methods of research are more quantitative. Researchers use randomized controlled experiments in the laboratory, as well as ecologically valid field experiments. This allows for statistical testing of the hypothesis. While these methods may only assess a limited range of phenomena, they can yield accurate information about a variety of long-term factors.
Another popular method is the longitudinal observational study. Longitudinal studies collect data at several points in time to determine the stability of a trait or behavior. Sometimes, they are conducted to test conditions that put people at risk for depression. Several types of analysis are employed, including multiple linear regression, logistic regression, and structural equation modeling.
In order to learn about the field of psychology, it is important to have a broad idea of what psychologists do. Once you get a feel for what they do, you’ll be able to narrow down your interests and choose a specific area of interest.